School Reform

MTSS/RTI can help with the implementation of a number of school reform efforts. MTSS/RTI can help with:
School Improvement Planning
  • Use screening to identify at-risk student and to determine strengths and weaknesses in the core curriculum.
  • Plan interventions.
  • Modify the school schedule to plan supports for students.

Personnel Preparation

  • Design effective instruction to meet the needs of all learners
  • Use data to plan effective instruction
  • Implement valid, reliable screening and progress monitoring procedures
  • Evaluate instructional effectiveness
Teacher Evaluation Systems
  • Use valid, reliable progress monitoring tools to develop and track student learning objectives (SLOs)
  • Document fidelity of high-quality instructional practices across levels of your system

Common Core Standards

  • Use screening to identify students needing extra help
  • Use data to determine how well core instruction meets the needs of students in your school
  • Design standards-related, adapted instruction to meet the needs of students requiring intensive supports

Center Resources


Watch and listen as Dr. Evelyn Johnson addresses this question.


Watch and listen as Dr. Winsome Waite addresses this question.


This guide explains how leaders can use a research-based framework for response to intervention (RTI) to improve learning for all students. The majority of states have some form of RTI initiative in place already. This guide can help states leverage existing initiatives to support the statewide school improvement efforts spelled out in their ESEA flexibility plans.

Non-Center Resources


This brief developed by the Center on Great Teachers & Leaders outlines a framework for coherence that supports states in connecting college and career readiness standards, multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS), and educator effectiveness by capitalizing on their shared goal: improving instructional quality to enhance educational outcomes for students. The brief asks readers to examine the shared goals, context, and identify instructional connections across initiatives that support better learning outcomes for all students.


Response to intervention (RTI) is a multi-level prevention system to maximize student achievement and reduce behavioral problems. With RTI, schools use data to identify students at risk of poor learning outcomes, monitor student progress, provide and adjust evidence-based interventions when needed, and identify students with learning disabilities or other disabilities. In this video, Dia Jackson describes the importance of implementing RTI with fidelity and how she provides RTI coaching and professional development to schools so that they see gains in student achievement.


This series of documents developed by the National Center on Intensive Intervention are intended to illustrate how college and career ready standards can be addressed across levels of a multi-tiered system of support (MTSS) or RTI framework in reading and mathematics. They provide examples of how to apply standards relevant instruction across core instruction, secondary intervention, intensive intervention and for to support students with significant cognitive challenges.