edSpring / Edcheckup Standard Reading Passages
Oral Reading Fluency
Rating Summary
Classification Accuracy  

Generalizability  Moderate High  
Reliability  
Validity  
Disaggregated Reliability and Validity Data  
Efficiency  
Administration  Individual  
Administration & Scoring Time  15 Minutes  
Scoring Key  Computer Scored  
Benchmarks / Norms  Yes 
Cost  Technology, Human Resources, and Accommodations for Special Needs  Service and Support  Purpose and Other Implementation Information  Usage and Reporting 

edSpring: Contact for cost details. Edcheckup: Each license (or “set”) allows you to access materials, enter data, and generate reports for up to 35 students. The cost per set is as follows:
This includes all materials and full data/reporting functionality for all subjects, which includes the following: 138 Controlled Reading passages; 23 Beginning Reading passages; 23 Writing probes; and 23 Math probes. 
Computer and Internet access are required for full use of product services. Testers will require less than 1 hour of training. Paraprofessionals can administer the test. 
edSpring TIES Website: www.edspring.org Edcheckup Edcheckup, LLC Phone: 9522291441 edSpring / Edcheckup: Fieldtested training manuals are included and should provide all implementation information. Ongoing technical support is available. 
Edcheckup Standard Reading Passages consists of equivalent sets of 23 reading passages for each grade level. Three of each set of passages are used for screening to establish students’ current level of proficiency in reading aloud from text and are used to establish cut scores for identifying students who are academically at risk as readers. 
Edcheckup is individually administered and requires 10 minutes for administration and 5 additional minutes for scoring. Scores available include: raw, standard, developmental benchmarks, and error analysis. 
Classification Accuracy
Classification Accuracy in Predicting Proficiency on the Measures of Academic Progress (MAP)  

Study 1  Total Sample  Grade 2  Grade 3  Grade 4  Grade 5  Grade 6 
False Positive Rate  0.22  0.11  0.25  0.19  0.37  0.21 
False Negative Rate  0.18  0.17  0.16  0.27  0.17  0.52 
Sensitivity  0.82  0.83  0.84  0.73  0.83  0.48 
Specificity  0.78  0.88  0.75  0.81  0.63  0.79 
Positive Predictive Power  0.48  0.59  0.47  0.50  0.35  0.52 
Negative Predictive Power  0.95  0.96  0.95  0.92  0.94  0.76 
Overall Classification Rate  0.79  0.88  0.77  0.79  0.67  0.69 
AUC (ROC)  0.86  0.94  0.85  0.84  0.85  0.89 
Base Rate  0.20  0.16  0.21  0.21  0.20  0.32 
Cut Points:  94.53  89.95 or 85.90*  92.83 or 104.59*  94.05 or 106.28*  101.37 or 152.99*  95.21 or 133.77* 
At 90% Sensitivity, Specificity equals  0.46  0.88  0.39  0.79  0.46  0.55 
At 80% Sensitivity, Specificity equals  0.80  0.90  0.75  0.80  0.64  0.87 
At 70% Sensitivity, Specificity equals  0.83  0.93  0.87  0.80  0.81  0.87 
*First cut point is for CBM Standard Score; second cut point is for Words Read Correctly
Classification Accuracy in Predicting Proficiency on the Measures of Academic Progress (MAP)  

Study 2  Total Sample  Grade 2  Grade 3  Grade 4  Grade 5  Grade 6 
False Positive Rate  0.32  0.06  0.46  0.38  0.37  0.38 
False Negative Rate  0.21  0.15  0.23  0.16  0.25  0.40 
Sensitivity  0.79  0.85  0.78  0.84  0.75  0.60 
Specificity  0.68  0.95  0.54  0.62  0.63  0.62 
Positive Predictive Power  0.43  0.79  0.37  0.44  0.35  0.27 
Negative Predictive Power  0.92  0.96  0.88  0.92  0.91  0.87 
Overall Classification Rate  0.71  0.93  0.60  0.68  0.66  0.62 
AUC (ROC)  0.83  0.92  0.79  0.82  0.83  0.80 
Base Rate  0.23  0.19  0.25  0.26  0.21  0.19 
Cut Points:  101  90  103  101  102  103 
At 90% Sensitivity, Specificity equals  0.39  0.75  0.40  0.37  0.37  0.48 
At 80% Sensitivity, Specificity equals  0.63  0.94  0.54  0.62  0.64  0.62 
At 70% Sensitivity, Specificity equals  0.85  0.96  0.77  0.85  0.70  0.62 
Generalizability
Description of Sample:
Study 1
 Number of States: 1
 Size: 465

Gender:
 51.8% Male
 48.2% Female
 SES: 15.8% Eligible for free or reducedprice lunch

Race/Ethnicity:
 68.4% White, NonHispanic
 13.5% Black, NonHispanic
 11.5% Hispanic
 0.9% American Indian/Alaska Native
 5.6% Asian/Pacific Islander
 Disability classification: 13.8% (includes Federal Setting 1 & 2 LD, EBD, OHD, ASD and Speech students)
 First Language: 85.1% have home language of English. Other languages represented include Spanish (4.5%)
Study 2
 Number of States: 1
 Size: 282

Gender:
 53.4% Male
 46.6% Female
 SES: 15.3% Eligible for free or reducedprice lunch

Race/Ethnicity:
 68.0% White, NonHispanic
 13.2% Black, NonHispanic
 12.8% Hispanic
 1.1% American Indian/Alaska Native
 5.0% Asian/Pacific Islander
 Disability classification: 11.0% (includes Federal Setting 1 & 2 LD, EBD, OHD, ASD and Speech students)
 First Language: 84.0% have home language of English. Other languages represented include Spanish (3.9%)
Cross Validation Study Description of Sample:
Study 1
 Number of States: 1
 Size: 553

Gender:
 53.5% Male
 46.5% Female

Race/Ethnicity:
 86.9% White, NonHispanic
 8.4% Black, NonHispanic
 2.5% Hispanic
 0.4% American Indian/Alaska Native
 1.8% Asian/Pacific Islander
 Disability classification: 12.7% (includes LD, EBD, OHD, ASD and Speech)
 First Language: 94.7% have English as First Language. Other languages include: Spanish (1.3%)
Study 2
 Number of States: 1
 Size: 522

Gender:
 52.9% Male
 47.1% Female

Race/Ethnicity:
 87.4% White, NonHispanic
 7.9% Black, NonHispanic
 2.5% Hispanic
 0.4% American Indian/Alaska Native
 1.9% Asian/Pacific Islander
 Disability classification: 12.1% (includes LD, EBD, OHD, ASD and Speech)
 First Language: 94.8% have English as First Language
Reliability
Type of Reliability  Age or Grade  n (range)  Coefficient  SEM  Information / Subjects  

range  median  
Cronbach’s Alpha 
1  89  0.94340.9495  0.9446  Median = 4.04 
Alpha = 0.9554 Standardized Item Alpha = 0.9582 
Cronbach’s Alpha 
2  216  0.89900.9164  0.9016  Median = 2.56 
Alpha = 0.9554 Standardized Item Alpha = 0.9582 17.9% Students of Color, 7.6% Students of Poverty, 13.4% Students with Disabilities 
Cronbach’s Alpha 
3  227  0.90560.9152  0.9152  Median = 2.57 
Alpha = 0.9554 Standardized Item Alpha = 0.9582 19.7% Students of Color, 7.5% Students of Poverty, 15.1% Students with Disabilities 
Cronbach’s Alpha 
4  206  0.90480.9303  0.9204  Median = 2.53 
Alpha = 0.9554 Standardized Item Alpha = 0.9582 23.8% Students of Color, 6.0% Students of Poverty, 13.1% Students with Disabilities 
Cronbach’s Alpha 
5  255  0.87030.8965  0.8860  Median = 2.44 
Alpha = 0.9554 Standardized Item Alpha = 0.9582 21.8% Students of Color, 5.6% Students of Poverty, 11.6% Students with Disabilities 
Cronbach’s Alpha 
6  78  0.89300.9229  0.9046  Median = 4.61 
Alpha = 0.9554 Standardized Item Alpha = 0.9582 33.3% Students of Color, 16.7% Students of Poverty, 11.5% Students with Disabilities 
Splithalf  1  89  0.94340.9495  0.9446  Median = 4.04  Guttman Splithalf = 0.8844, Unequallength SpearmanBrown = 0.9821. 
Splithalf  2  216  0.89900.9164  0.9016  Median = 2.56  Guttman Splithalf = 0.8693, Unequallength SpearmanBrown = 0.9685, 17.9% Students of Color, 7.6% Students of Poverty, 13.4% Students with Disabilities 
Splithalf  3  227  0.90560.9152  0.9152  Median = 2.57  Guttman Splithalf = 0.8697, Unequallength SpearmanBrown = 0.9679, 19.7% Students of Color, 7.5% Students of Poverty, 15.1% Students with Disabilities 
Splithalf  4  206  0.90480.9303  0.9204  Median = 2.53  Guttman Splithalf = 0.8548, Unequallength SpearmanBrown = 0.9667, 23.8% Students of Color, 6.0% Students of Poverty, 13.1% Students with Disabilities 
Splithalf  5  255  0.87030.8965  0.8860  Median = 2.44  Guttman Splithalf = 0.8629, Unequallength SpearmanBrown = 0.9538, 21.8% Students of Color, 5.6% Students of Poverty, 11.6% Students with Disabilities 
Splithalf  6  78  0.89300.9229  0.9046  Median = 4.61  Guttman Splithalf = 0.8573, Unequallength SpearmanBrown = 0.98219721, 33.3% Students of Color, 16.7% Students of Poverty, 11.5% Students with Disabilities 
Alternate Forms  2  216  0.8990.916  0.902  
Alternate Forms  3  229  0.9060.915  0.914  
Alternate Forms  4  206  0.9050.930  0.920  
Alternate Forms  5  255  0.8700.897  0.886  
Alternate Forms  6  78  0.8930.923  0.905 
Validity
Type of Validity  Age or Grade  Test or Criterion  n  Coefficient  Information (including normative data)/Subjects 

Construct  2  Measure of Academic Progress  215  0.756  16.6% Students of Color, 7.1%, Students of Poverty, 13.3% Students with Disabilities 
Construct  3  Measure of Academic Progress  229  0.626  19.5% Students of Color, 7.1%, Students of Poverty, 14.2% Students with Disabilities 
Construct  4  Measure of Academic Progress  206  0.694  22.3% Students of Color, 5.9%, Students of Poverty, 11.9% Students with Disabilities 
Construct  5  Measure of Academic Progress  256  0.670  20.4% Students of Color, 5.4%, Students of Poverty, 11.2% Students with Disabilities 
Construct  6  Measure of Academic Progress  78  0.760  34.7% Students of Color, 17.3%, Students of Poverty, 10.7% Students with Disabilities 
Predictive  2  Measure of Academic Progress  204  0.764  16.4% Students of Color, 5.8%, Students of Poverty, 12.6% Students with Disabilities 
Predictive  3  Measure of Academic Progress  219  0.669  18.7% Students of Color, 5.9%, Students of Poverty, 14.2% Students with Disabilities 
Predictive  4  Measure of Academic Progress  195  0.661  22.1% Students of Color, 5.1%, Students of Poverty, 11.3% Students with Disabilities 
Predictive  5  Measure of Academic Progress  157  0.583  17.2% Students of Color, 3.2%, Students of Poverty, 8.3% Students with Disabilities 
Disaggregated Reliability, Validity, and Classification Data for Diverse Populations
Disaggregated Reliability, Validity, and Classification Data for Diverse Populations
Disaggregated Classification Accuracy
Classification Accuracy in Predicting Proficiency on the Measures of Academic Progress (MAP)  

Study 1  African American  Hispanic American  Poverty 
False Positive Rate  0.256  0.303  0.359 
False Negative Rate  0.214  0.200  0.222 
Sensitivity  0.786  0.800  0.778 
Specificity  0.744  0.697  0.641 
Positive Predictive Power  0.524  0.545  0.600 
Negative Predictive Power  0.906  0.885  0.806 
Overall Classification Rate  0.755  0.729  0.697 
AUC (ROC)  0.816  0.810  0.776 
Base Rate  0.264  0.313  0.409 
Cut Points: CBM Standard Score  104.2  96.3  96.4 
At 90% Sensitivity, Specificity equals  31.8%  51.5%  45.6% 
At 80% Sensitivity, Specificity equals  74.4%  69.7%  64.1% 
At 70% Sensitivity, Specificity equals  92.3%  76.7%  69.2% 
Classification Accuracy in Predicting Proficiency on the Measures of Academic Progress (MAP)  

Study 2  African American  Hispanic American  Poverty 
False Positive Rate  0.400  0.348  0.435 
False Negative Rate  0.00  0.133  0.160 
Sensitivity  1.00  0.867  0.840 
Specificity  0.600  0.652  0.565 
Positive Predictive Power  0.368  0.619  0.677 
Negative Predictive Power  1.00  0.882  0.765 
Overall Classification Rate  0.676  0.737  0.708 
AUC (ROC)  0.967  0.832  0.802 
Base Rate  0.189  0.395  0.521 
Cut Points: CBM Standard Score  84  101  95 
At 90% Sensitivity, Specificity equals  87%  52%  52% 
At 80% Sensitivity, Specificity equals  96%  61%  74% 
At 70% Sensitivity, Specificity equals  96%  91%  78% 
Disaggregated Reliability
Type of Reliability  Grade  n  Coefficient  SEM  Information /Subjects  

range  median  
Cronbach’s Alpha  2  19 
0.9554 0.9658 
0.9633 
African American Students Alpha = 0.9844 Standardized item Alpha = 0.9868 

Cronbach’s Alpha  3  20 
0.8162 0.8811 
0.8173 
African American Students Alpha = 0.9382 Standardized item Alpha = 0.9396 

Cronbach’s Alpha  4  25 
0.8720 0.9018 
0.8989 
African American Students Alpha = 0.9543 Standardized item Alpha = 0.9608 

Cronbach’s Alpha  5  25 
0.9011 0.9289 
0.9241 
African American Students Alpha = 0.9671 Standardized item Alpha = 0.9711 

Cronbach’s Alpha  6  9 
0.9749 0.9899 
0.9825 
African American Students Alpha = 0.9929 Standardized item Alpha = 0.9941 

Splithalf  2  19 
0.9554 0.9658 
0.9633 
Median = 9.50 
African American Students Guttman Splithalf = 0.8853, Unequallength SpearmanBrown = 0.98900. 
Splithalf  3  20 
0.8162 0.8811 
0.8173 
Median = 8.51 
African American Students Guttman Splithalf = 0.8167, Unequallength SpearmanBrown = 0.9224, 
Splithalf  4  25 
0.8720 0.9018 
0.8989 
Median =7.01 
African American Students Guttman Splithalf = 0.8652, Unequallength SpearmanBrown = 0.9556, 
Splithalf  5  25 
0.9011 0.9289 
0.9241 
Median = 6.40 
African American Students Guttman Splithalf = 0.8675, Unequallength SpearmanBrown = 0.9772, 
Splithalf  6  9 
0.9749 0.9899 
0.9825 
Median = 16.78 
African American Students Guttman Splithalf = 0.8923, Unequallength SpearmanBrown = 0.9943, 
Alternate Form  2  19  0.9550.966  0.963  African American  
Alternate Form  3  20  0.8160.881  0.817  African American  
Alternate Form  4  25  0.8720.902  0.899  African American  
Alternate Form  5  25  0.9010.929  0.924  African American  
Alternate Form  6  9  0.9750.990  0.983  African American 
Disaggregated Validity
Type of Validity  Grade  Test or Criterion  n  Coefficient  Information/Subjects 

median  
Construct  2  Measure of Academic Progress  18  0.854  African American students 
Construct  3  Measure of Academic Progress  20  0.774  African American students 
Construct  4  Measure of Academic Progress  25  0.688  African American students 
Construct  5  Measure of Academic Progress  25  0.580  African American students 
Predictive  2  Measure of Academic Progress  16  0.831  African American students 
Predictive  3  Measure of Academic Progress  20  0.665  African American students 
Predictive  4  Measure of Academic Progress  24  0.689  African American students 
Predictive  5  Measure of Academic Progress  15  0.775  African American students 
Construct  3  Minnesota Comprehensive Assessment  20  0.518  African American students 
Construct  4  Minnesota Comprehensive Assessment  25  0.637  African American students 
Construct  5  Minnesota Comprehensive Assessment  25  0.514  African American students 